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canvas应用:模拟小学时代玩过的俄罗斯方块游戏

作者:Web前端之家2020.10.12来源:Web前端之家浏览:178评论:0
关键词:jscanvas
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500.jpg

聊到canvas,我们可以用它来实现很多复杂的应用,比如游戏这块,今天给大家分享一款canvas应用:俄罗斯方块游戏。相信大家在小时候经常玩的,之前都是用小小的游戏机玩耍的。那么今天一起来了解下用canvas如何实现。如下图:

QQ截图20201012095521.jpg

首先我们需要了解它的主要功能:

1、方块的结合,组成不同模型

2、方块下落并且在下落过程中,可以随意变形【用键盘向上箭头实现变形】

3、方块下落加速【用键盘向下箭头】

4、方块左右移动【用键盘向左,向右箭头】

5、方块到顶后,游戏结束了。

简单归纳成这五个主要功能,下面分别介绍下几步。

STEP1

首先第一步,我们需要用canvas新建一个画布,然后绘制方块以及模型,这个很简单,如果您还不知道的,说明你对canvas不熟悉,要加油学习咯。

<canvas id="canvas" class="canvas"></canvas>
<p id="resultinfo" class="resultinfo">当前分数:0</p>

 
//canvas js
let cav = document.getElementById('canvas')
 let text = document.getElementById('resultinfo')
 let ctx = cav.getContext('2d')
 let k = 40 //倍数
 let speed = 1000
 let grade = 0
 let restartFlag = false
 let timer = null
 let curGraphPositionList = []
 let curtype = undefined
 let transformNum = 0
 let blockGraph = Array(10)
 let beforeUpdateGraph = []
 for(let i = 0;i<blockGraph.length;i++){
  blockGraph[i] = Array(20)
 }
 cav.width = 10*k 
 cav.height = 20*k
 ctx.fillStyle="#f9dc9c"
 ctx.strokeStyle="#000"

接下来就到考验您的JS功底时刻了,由于时间原因,小编不可能逐步精细解说每个细节,更多的是贴代码,大家自己不懂的话,自己研究,或者加QQ群咨询。

STEP2

下落过程中变形。我们使用这个函数去实现。

function updateBlockGraph(graphPositionList){
  for(let i =0;i<graphPositionList.length;i++){
   let x = parseInt(graphPositionList[i][0]) 
   let y = parseInt(graphPositionList[i][1])
   blockGraph[x][y] = 1
  }
  let transformArray = []
  for(let i=0;i<20;i++){
   let arr = blockGraph.map((item)=>{
    return item[i]
   })
   transformArray.push(arr)
  }
  let flagList = []
  for(let i in transformArray){
   let flag = 1
   for(let j in transformArray[i]){
    if(transformArray[i][j]!==1){
     flag = 0
     break
    }
   }
   flagList.push(flag)
  }
  let score = flagList.filter((item)=>{
   return item === 1
  })
  if(score.length>0){
   grade = grade + score.length
   text.innerHTML = '当前分数:'+grade
   for(let i in transformArray){
    if(flagList[i]===1){
     for(let j in transformArray[i]){
      transformArray[i][j]=undefined
     }
    }
   }
   let hasBlockList = []
   for(let i in transformArray){
    let flagOfHasBlock = 0
    for(let j in transformArray[i]){
     if(transformArray[i][j]!==undefined){
      flagOfHasBlock = 1
      break
     }
    }
    hasBlockList.push(flagOfHasBlock)
   }
   for(let i = transformArray.length -1 ;i>=0;i--){
    if(hasBlockList[i]===1){
     let count = 0
     for(let j = i ;j<19;j++){
      if(hasBlockList[j+1]===0){
       count++
      }else{
       break
      }
     }
     if(count===0){
      continue
     }
     for(let j in transformArray[i]){
      if(transformArray[i][j]===1){
       transformArray[i][j] = undefined
       transformArray[i+count][j] = 1
      }
     }
     hasBlockList[i]=0
     hasBlockList[i+count]=1
    }
   }
   let newBlockGraph = []
   for(let i=0;i<10;i++){
    let arr = transformArray.map((item)=>{
     return item[i]
    })
    newBlockGraph.push(arr)
   }
   clearGraphList()
   blockGraph = newBlockGraph
  }
 }

STEP3

下落过程中,向左、向右、向下的功能,用以下函数去实现功能。

function movePosition(curGraphPositionList,direct){
  switch(direct){
   case 'left':
    let minL = Math.min(...curGraphPositionList.map((item)=>{
     return item[0]
    }))
    if(minL-1<0){
     return curGraphPositionList
    }else{
     let changeFlag = true
     let next = curGraphPositionList.map((item)=>{
      return [item[0]-1,item[1]]
     })
     for(let item of next){
      if(isTouchOtherBlock(item)){
       changeFlag = false
      }
     }
     if(changeFlag){
      return next
     }else{
      return curGraphPositionList
     }
    }
    break;
   case 'right':
    let maxR = Math.max(...curGraphPositionList.map((item)=>{
     return item[0]
    }))
    if(maxR+1>9){
     return curGraphPositionList
    }else{
     let changeFlag = true
     let next = curGraphPositionList.map((item)=>{
      return [item[0]+1,item[1]]
     })
     for(let item of next){
      if(isTouchOtherBlock(item)){
       changeFlag = false
      }
     }
     if(changeFlag){
      return next
     }else{
      return curGraphPositionList
     }
    }
    break;
   case 'down':
    let maxD = Math.max(...curGraphPositionList.map((item)=>{
     return item[1]
    }))
    if(maxD>18){
     updateBlockGraph(curGraphPositionList)
     restartFlag = true
     return curGraphPositionList
    }else{
     let changeFlag = true
     let next = curGraphPositionList.map((item)=>{
      return [item[0],item[1]+1]
     })
     for(let item of next){
      if(isTouchOtherBlock(item)){
       changeFlag = false
      }
     }
     if(changeFlag){
      return next
     }else{
      updateBlockGraph(curGraphPositionList)
      restartFlag = true
      return curGraphPositionList
     }
    }
    break;
  }
 }

STEP4

实现了下落过程的一些变形等功能,最后我们需要实现方块垂直布满容器后,游戏停止。

function checkOver(positionList){
  for(let i in positionList){
   let x = positionList[i][0]
   let y = positionList[i][1]
   if(blockGraph[x][y]===1){
    over()
    alert('游戏结束')
    return true
   }
  }
  return false
}

STEP5

在电脑上玩的话,我们需要监听设置键盘的key键,所以要加一段JS。

let pauseFlag = false
 document.addEventListener('keydown',(event)=>{
  if(event.keyCode===37){
   move('left')
  }else if(event.keyCode===39){
   move('right')
  }else if(event.keyCode===40){
   speed=30
   setTimer(speed)
  }else if(event.keyCode===32){
   pauseFlag = !pauseFlag
   if(pauseFlag){
    over()
   }else{
    setTimer(speed)
   }
  }else if(event.keyCode===38){
   // clearGraph(curGraphPositionList)
   transform (curtype)
  }
 })
 document.addEventListener('keyup',(event)=>{
  if(event.keyCode===40){
   speed=1000
   setTimer(speed)
  }
 })

这个方法相信大家很熟悉了,通过监听键盘的按键,实现程序的应用。

OK,主要功能就介绍这么多了。最后还是分享下最完整的DEMO。

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
 <meta charset="UTF-8">
 <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
 <title>canvas应用:模拟小学时代玩过的俄罗斯方块游戏 - Web前端之家https://jiangweishan.com/</title>
 <style type="text/css">
 body{
     background:#333;
 }
    .canvas{
        border:solid #000 1px;
        width:500px;
        margin:50px auto;
        display: block;
        height: 800px;
        background-color:#f5f5f5;
    }
    .resultinfo{
        font-size:28px;
        text-align: center;
        color:#fff;
    }
</style>
</head>
<body>
 <canvas id="canvas" class="canvas"></canvas>
 <p id="resultinfo" class="resultinfo">当前分数:0</p>
</body>
<script>
 let cav = document.getElementById('canvas')
 let text = document.getElementById('resultinfo')
 let ctx = cav.getContext('2d')
 let k = 40 //倍数
 let speed = 1000
 let grade = 0
 let restartFlag = false
 let timer = null
 let curGraphPositionList = []
 let curtype = undefined
 let transformNum = 0
 let blockGraph = Array(10)
 let beforeUpdateGraph = []
 for(let i = 0;i<blockGraph.length;i++){
  blockGraph[i] = Array(20)
 }
 cav.width = 10*k 
 cav.height = 20*k
 ctx.fillStyle="#f9dc9c"
 ctx.strokeStyle="#000"
 function ramdomRectType(){
  return Math.floor((Math.random()*7)+1)
 }
 function randomXposition(){
  return Math.floor(Math.random()*10)
 }
 function drawRect(position,width){
  ctx.beginPath()
  ctx.rect(position[0],position[1],width,width)
  ctx.fill();
  ctx.stroke()
 }
 function drawGraph(positionList){
  if(positionList.length===0){
   return
  }
  for(let item of positionList){
   let x= item[0]*k
   let y= item[1]*k
   let position = [x,y]
   drawRect(position,k)
  }
 }
 function isOut(position,xOry){//x:0,y:1
  if(xOry===0){
   if(position<0||position>9){
    return true
   }else{
    return false
   }
  }else{
   if(position<0||position>19){
    return true
   }else{
    return false
   }
  }
 }
 function randomRectShape(){
  let rposition = randomXposition()
  let type = ramdomRectType()
  curtype = type
  transformNum = 0
  let positionList = []
  let one = []
  let two = []
  let three = []
  let four = []
  switch(type){
   case 1:
    if(isOut(rposition+2,0)){
     return randomRectShape()
    }else{
     one = [rposition+2,0]
     two = [rposition,1]
     three = [rposition+1,1]
     four = [rposition+2,1]
    }
    break;
   case 2:
    if(isOut(rposition+2,0)){
     return randomRectShape()
    }else{
     one = [rposition,0]
     two = [rposition,1]
     three = [rposition+1,1]
     four = [rposition+2,1]
    }
    break;
   case 3:
    if(isOut(rposition+2,0)){
     return randomRectShape()
    }else{
     one = [rposition+1,0]
     two = [rposition+2,0]
     three = [rposition,1]
     four = [rposition+1,1]
    }
    break;
   case 4:
    if(isOut(rposition+2,0)){
     return randomRectShape()
    }else{
     one = [rposition,0]
     two = [rposition+1,0]
     three = [rposition+1,1]
     four = [rposition+2,1]
    }
    break;
   case 5:
    if(isOut(rposition+2,0)){
     return randomRectShape()
    }else{
     one = [rposition+1,0]
     two = [rposition,1]
     three = [rposition+1,1]
     four = [rposition+2,1]
    }
    break;
   case 6:
    if(isOut(rposition+1,0)){
     return randomRectShape()
    }else{
     one = [rposition,0]
     two = [rposition+1,0]
     three = [rposition,1]
     four = [rposition+1,1]
    }
    break;
   case 7:
    if(isOut(rposition+3,0)){
     return randomRectShape()
    }else{
     one = [rposition,0]
     two = [rposition+1,0]
     three = [rposition+2,0]
     four = [rposition+3,0]
    }
    break;
  }
  positionList.push(one,two,three,four)
  return positionList
 }
 function clearRect(position,width){
  ctx.clearRect(position[0]*k-1,position[1]*k-1,width+2,width+2)
 }
 function clearGraph(curGraphPositionList){
  if(curGraphPositionList.length===0){
   return 
  }
  for(let item of curGraphPositionList){
   clearRect(item,k)
  }
 }
 function clearGraphList(){
  let graphList = []
  for(let i = 0;i< blockGraph.length;i++){
   for(let j =0;j< blockGraph[i].length;j++){
    if(blockGraph[i][j]===1){
     graphList.push([i,j])
    }
   }
  }
  clearGraph(graphList)
 }
 function isTouchOtherBlock(position){
  return blockGraph[position[0]][position[1]] === 1
 }
 function updateBlockGraph(graphPositionList){
  for(let i =0;i<graphPositionList.length;i++){
   let x = parseInt(graphPositionList[i][0]) 
   let y = parseInt(graphPositionList[i][1])
   blockGraph[x][y] = 1
  }
  let transformArray = []
  for(let i=0;i<20;i++){
   let arr = blockGraph.map((item)=>{
    return item[i]
   })
   transformArray.push(arr)
  }
  let flagList = []
  for(let i in transformArray){
   let flag = 1
   for(let j in transformArray[i]){
    if(transformArray[i][j]!==1){
     flag = 0
     break
    }
   }
   flagList.push(flag)
  }
  let score = flagList.filter((item)=>{
   return item === 1
  })
  if(score.length>0){
   grade = grade + score.length
   text.innerHTML = '当前分数:'+grade
   for(let i in transformArray){
    if(flagList[i]===1){
     for(let j in transformArray[i]){
      transformArray[i][j]=undefined
     }
    }
   }
   let hasBlockList = []
   for(let i in transformArray){
    let flagOfHasBlock = 0
    for(let j in transformArray[i]){
     if(transformArray[i][j]!==undefined){
      flagOfHasBlock = 1
      break
     }
    }
    hasBlockList.push(flagOfHasBlock)
   }
   for(let i = transformArray.length -1 ;i>=0;i--){
    if(hasBlockList[i]===1){
     let count = 0
     for(let j = i ;j<19;j++){
      if(hasBlockList[j+1]===0){
       count++
      }else{
       break
      }
     }
     if(count===0){
      continue
     }
     for(let j in transformArray[i]){
      if(transformArray[i][j]===1){
       transformArray[i][j] = undefined
       transformArray[i+count][j] = 1
      }
     }
     hasBlockList[i]=0
     hasBlockList[i+count]=1
    }
   }
   let newBlockGraph = []
   for(let i=0;i<10;i++){
    let arr = transformArray.map((item)=>{
     return item[i]
    })
    newBlockGraph.push(arr)
   }
   clearGraphList()
   blockGraph = newBlockGraph
  }
 }
 function movePosition(curGraphPositionList,direct){
  switch(direct){
   case 'left':
    let minL = Math.min(...curGraphPositionList.map((item)=>{
     return item[0]
    }))
    if(minL-1<0){
     return curGraphPositionList
    }else{
     let changeFlag = true
     let next = curGraphPositionList.map((item)=>{
      return [item[0]-1,item[1]]
     })
     for(let item of next){
      if(isTouchOtherBlock(item)){
       changeFlag = false
      }
     }
     if(changeFlag){
      return next
     }else{
      return curGraphPositionList
     }
    }
    break;
   case 'right':
    let maxR = Math.max(...curGraphPositionList.map((item)=>{
     return item[0]
    }))
    if(maxR+1>9){
     return curGraphPositionList
    }else{
     let changeFlag = true
     let next = curGraphPositionList.map((item)=>{
      return [item[0]+1,item[1]]
     })
     for(let item of next){
      if(isTouchOtherBlock(item)){
       changeFlag = false
      }
     }
     if(changeFlag){
      return next
     }else{
      return curGraphPositionList
     }
    }
    break;
   case 'down':
    let maxD = Math.max(...curGraphPositionList.map((item)=>{
     return item[1]
    }))
    if(maxD>18){
     updateBlockGraph(curGraphPositionList)
     restartFlag = true
     return curGraphPositionList
    }else{
     let changeFlag = true
     let next = curGraphPositionList.map((item)=>{
      return [item[0],item[1]+1]
     })
     for(let item of next){
      if(isTouchOtherBlock(item)){
       changeFlag = false
      }
     }
     if(changeFlag){
      return next
     }else{
      updateBlockGraph(curGraphPositionList)
      restartFlag = true
      return curGraphPositionList
     }
    }
    break;
  }
 }
 function checkOver(positionList){
  for(let i in positionList){
   let x = positionList[i][0]
   let y = positionList[i][1]
   if(blockGraph[x][y]===1){
    over()
    alert('游戏结束')
    return true
   }
  }
  return false
 }
 function drawGraphList(){
  let graphList = []
  for(let i = 0;i< blockGraph.length;i++){
   for(let j =0;j< blockGraph[i].length;j++){
    if(blockGraph[i][j]===1){
     graphList.push([i,j])
    }
   }
  }
  drawGraph(graphList)
 }
 function isComplexData (data) {
  if(data===null||data===undefined){
   return false
  }
  let flag = data.constructor===Array||data.constructor===Object
  return flag
 }

 function deepCopy (data) {
  if(!isComplexData (data)){
   return data
  }
  let result = null
  if(data.constructor===Array){
   result = []
  }else{
   result = {}
  }
  for(let i in data){
   result[i] = deepCopy (data[i])
  }
  return result
 }

 function move(direct){
  clearGraph(curGraphPositionList)
  curGraphPositionList = movePosition(curGraphPositionList,direct)
  if(restartFlag){
   drawGraphList(blockGraph)
  }else{
   drawGraph(curGraphPositionList)
  }
 }
 function transform (curtype) {
  let checkArr = deepCopy(curGraphPositionList)
  if(transformNum>=3){
   transformNum = 0
  }else{
   transformNum++
  }
  switch(curtype){
   case 1:
    caseOne(checkArr)
    break;
   case 2:
    caseTwo(checkArr)
    break;
   case 3:
    caseThree(checkArr)
    break;
   case 4:
    caseFour(checkArr)
    break;
   case 5:
    caseFive(checkArr)
    break;
   case 6:
    caseSix(checkArr)
    break;
   case 7:
    caseSeven(checkArr)
    break;
  }
  //start check outside
  let outflag = false
  let xArr = checkArr.map((item)=>{
   return item[0]
  })
  let yArr = checkArr.map((item)=>{
   return item[1]
  })
  for(let item of xArr){
   if(isOut(item,0)){
    outflag = true
   }
  }
  for(let item of yArr){
   if(isOut(item,1)){
    outflag = true
   }
  }
  if(outflag){
   if(transformNum<=0){
    transformNum = 3
   }else{
    transformNum--
   }
   return
  }
  //end check
  if(!checkTranfromTouchBlock(checkArr)){
    if(transformNum<=0){
     transformNum = 3
    }else{
     transformNum--
    }
    return
  }else{
   clearGraph(curGraphPositionList)
   curGraphPositionList = checkArr
   drawGraph(curGraphPositionList)
  }
 }
 function checkTranfromTouchBlock(checkArr){
  let changeFlag = true
  for(let item of checkArr){
   if(isTouchOtherBlock(item)){
    changeFlag = false
   }
  }
  return changeFlag
 }
 function caseOne(checkarr){
  switch(transformNum){
   case 0:
    checkarr[0][0]=checkarr[0][0]+2
    checkarr[1][0]=checkarr[1][0]-1
    checkarr[1][1]=checkarr[1][1]-1
    checkarr[3][0]=checkarr[3][0]+1
    checkarr[3][1]=checkarr[3][1]+1
    break;
   case 1:
    checkarr[0][1]=checkarr[0][1]+2
    checkarr[1][0]=checkarr[1][0]+1
    checkarr[1][1]=checkarr[1][1]-1
    checkarr[3][0]=checkarr[3][0]-1
    checkarr[3][1]=checkarr[3][1]+1
    break;
   case 2:
    checkarr[0][0]=checkarr[0][0]-2
    checkarr[1][0]=checkarr[1][0]+1
    checkarr[1][1]=checkarr[1][1]+1
    checkarr[3][0]=checkarr[3][0]-1
    checkarr[3][1]=checkarr[3][1]-1
    break;
   case 3:
    checkarr[0][1]=checkarr[0][1]-2
    checkarr[1][0]=checkarr[1][0]-1
    checkarr[1][1]=checkarr[1][1]+1
    checkarr[3][0]=checkarr[3][0]+1
    checkarr[3][1]=checkarr[3][1]-1
    break;
  }
 }
 function caseTwo(checkarr){
  switch(transformNum){
   case 0:
    checkarr[0][1]=checkarr[0][1]-2
    checkarr[1][0]=checkarr[1][0]-1
    checkarr[1][1]=checkarr[1][1]-1
    checkarr[3][0]=checkarr[3][0]+1
    checkarr[3][1]=checkarr[3][1]+1
    break;
   case 1:
    checkarr[0][0]=checkarr[0][0]+2
    checkarr[1][0]=checkarr[1][0]+1
    checkarr[1][1]=checkarr[1][1]-1
    checkarr[3][0]=checkarr[3][0]-1
    checkarr[3][1]=checkarr[3][1]+1
    break;
   case 2:
    checkarr[0][1]=checkarr[0][1]+2
    checkarr[1][0]=checkarr[1][0]+1
    checkarr[1][1]=checkarr[1][1]+1
    checkarr[3][0]=checkarr[3][0]-1
    checkarr[3][1]=checkarr[3][1]-1
    break;
   case 3:
    checkarr[0][0]=checkarr[0][0]-2
    checkarr[1][0]=checkarr[1][0]-1
    checkarr[1][1]=checkarr[1][1]+1
    checkarr[3][0]=checkarr[3][0]+1
    checkarr[3][1]=checkarr[3][1]-1
    break;
  }
 }
 function caseThree(checkarr){
  if(transformNum%2!==0){
   checkarr[0][0]=checkarr[0][0]+1
   checkarr[0][1]=checkarr[0][1]+1
   checkarr[1][1]=checkarr[1][1]+2
   checkarr[2][0]=checkarr[2][0]+1
   checkarr[2][1]=checkarr[2][1]-1
  }else{
   checkarr[0][0]=checkarr[0][0]-1
   checkarr[0][1]=checkarr[0][1]-1
   checkarr[1][1]=checkarr[1][1]-2
   checkarr[2][0]=checkarr[2][0]-1
   checkarr[2][1]=checkarr[2][1]+1
  }
 }

 function caseFour(checkarr){
  if(transformNum%2!==0){
   checkarr[0][0]=checkarr[0][0]+2
   checkarr[1][0]=checkarr[1][0]+1
   checkarr[1][1]=checkarr[1][1]+1
   checkarr[3][0]=checkarr[3][0]-1
   checkarr[3][1]=checkarr[3][1]+1
  }else{
   checkarr[0][0]=checkarr[0][0]-2
   checkarr[1][0]=checkarr[1][0]-1
   checkarr[1][1]=checkarr[1][1]-1
   checkarr[3][0]=checkarr[3][0]+1
   checkarr[3][1]=checkarr[3][1]-1
  }
 }
 function caseFive(checkarr){
  switch(transformNum){
   case 0:
    checkarr[0][0]=checkarr[0][0]+1
    checkarr[0][1]=checkarr[0][1]-1
    checkarr[1][0]=checkarr[1][0]-1
    checkarr[1][1]=checkarr[1][1]-1
    checkarr[3][0]=checkarr[3][0]+1
    checkarr[3][1]=checkarr[3][1]+1
    break;
   case 1:
    checkarr[0][0]=checkarr[0][0]+1
    checkarr[0][1]=checkarr[0][1]+1
    checkarr[1][0]=checkarr[1][0]+1
    checkarr[1][1]=checkarr[1][1]-1
    checkarr[3][0]=checkarr[3][0]-1
    checkarr[3][1]=checkarr[3][1]+1
    break;
   case 2:
    checkarr[0][0]=checkarr[0][0]-1
    checkarr[0][1]=checkarr[0][1]+1
    checkarr[1][0]=checkarr[1][0]+1
    checkarr[1][1]=checkarr[1][1]+1
    checkarr[3][0]=checkarr[3][0]-1
    checkarr[3][1]=checkarr[3][1]-1
    break;
   case 3:
    checkarr[0][0]=checkarr[0][0]-1
    checkarr[0][1]=checkarr[0][1]-1
    checkarr[1][0]=checkarr[1][0]-1
    checkarr[1][1]=checkarr[1][1]+1
    checkarr[3][0]=checkarr[3][0]+1
    checkarr[3][1]=checkarr[3][1]-1
    break;
  }
 }
 function caseSix(checkarr){
  return
 }
 function caseSeven(checkarr){
  if(transformNum%2!==0){
   checkarr[0][0]=checkarr[0][0]+2
   checkarr[0][1]=checkarr[0][1]-2
   checkarr[1][0]=checkarr[1][0]+1
   checkarr[1][1]=checkarr[1][1]-1
   checkarr[3][0]=checkarr[3][0]-1
   checkarr[3][1]=checkarr[3][1]+1
  }else{
   checkarr[0][0]=checkarr[0][0]-2
   checkarr[0][1]=checkarr[0][1]+2
   checkarr[1][0]=checkarr[1][0]-1
   checkarr[1][1]=checkarr[1][1]+1
   checkarr[3][0]=checkarr[3][0]+1
   checkarr[3][1]=checkarr[3][1]-1
  }
 }
 function setTimer(speed) {
  clearInterval(timer)
  timer = setInterval(()=>{
   move('down')
   if(restartFlag){
    newBlock()
   }
  },speed)
 }
 function newBlock(){
  restartFlag = false
  curGraphPositionList = randomRectShape()
  drawGraph(curGraphPositionList)
  let overflag = checkOver(curGraphPositionList)
  if(overflag){
   return
  }
  setTimer(speed)
 }
 function start() {
  newBlock()
 }
 function over() {
  clearInterval(timer)
 }
 start()

 let pauseFlag = false
 document.addEventListener('keydown',(event)=>{
  if(event.keyCode===37){
   move('left')
  }else if(event.keyCode===39){
   move('right')
  }else if(event.keyCode===40){
   speed=30
   setTimer(speed)
  }else if(event.keyCode===32){
   pauseFlag = !pauseFlag
   if(pauseFlag){
    over()
   }else{
    setTimer(speed)
   }
  }else if(event.keyCode===38){
   // clearGraph(curGraphPositionList)
   transform (curtype)
  }
 })
 document.addEventListener('keyup',(event)=>{
  if(event.keyCode===40){
   speed=1000
   setTimer(speed)
  }
 })

</script>
</html>

总结

今天分享的俄罗斯方块游戏,只是一个很简单的game,跟我们之前在游戏机里面玩的效果还是相差很远的,不过主要功能都实现了,此次分享的初衷是为了考验大家对于canvas以及js的熟练程度,如果你有兴趣,可以自己慢慢添加功能以及优化界面等。

温馨提示:本文作者系Web前端之家 ,经Web前端之家编辑修改或补充,转载请注明出处和本文链接:
https://jiangweishan.com/article/canvanjds820938490238.html

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